Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. Al-Mawardi’s main political thought is embodied in his. Al-Ahham al-Sultaniyah. Only a small portion of the work is however devoted to political theory, the rest of . Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-. (d. ). Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory.

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This explains why thoought devotes only one-tenth of his book to the exposition of the theory of the Caliphate and uses the rest of his work to elaborate the detailed apparatus of government which hinges on the central authority of the Caliph.

The recruitment or establishment department is to appoint state employees, to make their removal, transfer and promotion policies.

Among the seven conditions which according to al-Mawardi must be fulfilled by a candidate, the seventh one, that is, the Quraishite descent is very important.

It may be noted here that the idea of rebellion has always been most abhorrent to Muslim rulers throughout history, because after the regime of the Pious Caliphs, many a ruler denied the right of the people to participate in the affairs of the State. The appointment of an imam by the consensus of the Muslim community is obligatory.

The defence of the frontiers against foreign mawarvi to guarantee the security of life and property of Muslims and non-Muslims alike in the Islamic State. The other two books were of no importance. Like his predecessor, al-Mawardi stresses on justice and qaza.


When they founded the Fatimid Empire and later the Safawid Dynasty in Persia, they wiped out their political opponents with cruelty and butchery. So also an Imam cannot be deposed until a similar change occurs in him. This enumeration of the ten-fold masardi of the Imam is arbitrary. BB code is On. The Caliph, however, traditionally elected in the capital because all death of the previous Caliph is first known there, and political considerations require the immediate appointment of a new Caliph, and because most of the people possessing the necessary qualifications for the Imamate generally reside there.

The nomination of a person as heir apparent becomes effective only when he declares his consent to it. Further, it promises the inheritance or possession and governance of the earth to those only who follow in the footsteps of the Prophet P.

Edinburgh Research Archive

This designation was objected to by many leading jurists like Abu al-Tayyib, al-Tabari, and al-Simyari, who said that it did not become anyone except God. They resorted to the holy Quran and hadiths. Al-Mawardi was born in Basrah during the year C. This opinion of Al-Mawardi is thougt upon the election of Usman which was by a limited Shura appointed by Unar.

Mawardi says that the real motive of the institution is to follow the straight path and to strengthen the political bonds. But al-Mawardi was not very concerned about theory.

Khushal 20 July at Al-Mawardi describes two methods. And the charge that occurred was simply un-Islamic, undemocratic polktical vicious. Brockleman”al-Mawardi” in the Encyclopedia of Islam 2vol. His character must be exemplary. It will secure his service this enabling him to decide without any fear or pressure. Thursday, June 23, It is called wasiah. Mawardi says sovereign is in need of a good and honest colleague.


Al-Mawardi – Wikipedia

Al-Mawardi holds that the Holy Quran says nothing about this institution but it is the result of consensus. The organization and prosecution of religious war against those who oppose Islam or refuse to enter the protection of the Islamic State as non-Muslim subjects.

So, also, an Imam cannot be deposed until a similar change occurs in him. When a friend asked why he kept his books back he replied that it was because he felt that his motives in writing them were not as pure as he should have wished and that he thuoght not know whether Allah the Almighty had accepted these literary offerings or not. Main Features of his concept of Imamat are as under: The juridical opinion referred to aal is that a blind person is unqualified to give witness or sit as a judge in a court of law; he is, therefore, much more unqualified to serve as the Head of the State.

An emotional person is not in position to handle difficult situations. Moreover, he assembled his ideas in writing; therefore his book Al-Ahkam at-Sultaniyah became a standard work of reference on political and administrative practices. The same cannot be said of another personality after him in the Muslim history.

Along with the verses of the Quran he argues from the order of the Prophet P.

Last modified: March 21, 2020