Awan a South Asian Zamindar tribe, putatively of Arab origin, living The Ferozsons Urdu-English Dictionary lists the Awans as a tribe whose name is of Arabic.

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Its population is concentrated in the districts of Rawalpindi, Attock, Chakwal, Jhelum, Sargodha, Bahawalpur, Khushab particularly the Soon ValleyMianwali Awan tribes residing here believed to have been the sole occupants of the Mianwali Salt Range for nearly six hundred yearsGujranwala, Hafizabad, Gujrat, Sialkot, Narowal, uistory Layyah and also scattered throughout the rest of Punjab to where the Awans kept migrating as the hilly areas that they were originally settled in did not provide much employment opportunitiesexcept for joining the Army.

All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from August Articles needing additional references from September All articles needing additional references Use dmy dates from January Articles containing Urdu-language text Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from March All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from June Articles with unsourced statements from August Although Rose was more historu in assigning an Arab origin to the Awans, he was willing to concede that the tribe may well be Alvi Sayyidswho having sought refuge in Sindh from the Abbasidsallied themselves to Sabuktagin and assisted him in his Indian adventure, for which he bestowed the title of Awan on them Rose considering it plausible that the name of the Awan tribe was awsn from the word ‘Ahwan’, meaning “helper”.

In some families at least, prominent Awans not infrequently take to wife women of low tribes usually having an Awan wife ueduand this practice does not seem to meet with as much disapproval as in most other tribes of equal social standing: Malik is the honorary title of the Awan clan. The Awans have a strong martial tradition and are renowned for their bravery and courage.

According to Sir Malcolm Darling, the Awans are the: Many have histkry and caet to play, prominent csst in areas as varied as the military, business, politics and literature.

The Awans have a strong martial tradition and are renowned for their bravery. These four clans are again divided into numerous septs, often bearing eponymous names, hut sometimes the names of GujarJat and other tribal septs appear.

Awan – Jatland Wiki

Dilip Kumar’s 92nd birthday celebrated in the city – The Express Tribune”. Awan soldier in battle uniform. Qutab Shah claimed descent from the fourth caliph Ali through his second wife. They were prominent in the armies of the Slave Dynasty and the Khilji dynasty during the Delhi Sultanate period.


Uistory Qasimi Writer and literary critic.

As in the case of the Sikhs, recruiting authorities showed a clear bias in favour of the dominant landowning tribes of the region, and recruitment of Punjabi Muslims was limited to those who belonged to tribes of high social standing or reputation – the ‘blood proud’ and once politically dominant aristocracy of the tract. The loading family among the Awans is that of the Malik of Kalabaghand throughout the Jhelum Salt Range they have numerous maliks 1 notably Lal Khan of Nurpur in Pind Dadan Khan, head of the Shial descendants of Shihan, a great malik in the latter part of the eighteenth century.

Thus in Sialkot 1the Awans are said to be divided into 24 muhins. This passage is entirely consistent with the popular classification of the Awans as zamindar or yeomen, in contradistinction to the Sahu or gentry Janjuas and Ghakkarsbut on a level with the Mairs and other leading tribes of Chakwal.

Awan, a South Asian Zamindar tribe, putatively of Arab origin, living predominantly in western and central parts of Punjab, Pakistan. According to one i the Awans, who claim Arab originare hiwtory of Qutb Shahhimself descended from Aliand were attached to the Muhammadan armies which invaded India as ‘auxiliaries,’ 3 whence their histofy.

The most extensive study of the tribe was conducted during the era of the British Raj, and as a result of census data collated during this period, the Awan tribe was invariably classified as being exclusively Muslim. The findings of the geneticist, S. With him came six of his many sons: As a result of census data collated during the era of the British Raj, the Awan tribe was invariably classified as being exclusively Muslim; contemporary census figures underline that this essentially remains the status histtory.

These include figures such as: The modern surname system often results in members of the same family with different surnames, some choosing their position as a surname i. In Jhelum too Awans give their daughters in marriage to Awans only as a rule, though there seems to be some instances of marriages with leading men of the Chakwal tribes: Though these areas are their ancestral homelands and many own farms and other property there.

Cunningham looked upon the Awans as a Rajput clan, whereas Kaul was of the opinion that the tribe was of either Jat or Rajput origin, pointing to the fact that in Sanskrit, the term Awan means “defender” or “protector” hiistory asserting that this title was awarded by surrounding tribes due to the Awans successfully defending their strongholds against aggression.

Legend has it that their origins go back to Imam Ali and his second wife, Hanafiya.


Furthermore, she states that Qutb Shah fled to the Subcontinent along with a small group of people due to Mongol attacks and joined the court of Iltutmish. Hence jrdu speak the language of the region they settled in now.

Awan History

According to Philip Edward Jones: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Amongst such names are those of H.

This article needs additional citations for verification.

Contemporary historians, namely Professor Ian Talbot and Professor Tan Tai Yong, have authored works that cite the Awans amongst other tribes as being looked upon as a martial race by not only the British, but neighboring tribes as well.

Sabiha Shaheen who addressed this issue as part of her MA Thesis deems this theory tenable. Privacy policy About Jatland Disclaimers Mobile view. Awan tribes claims that they belong to Qutab Shah here we clarify that there are two personalities enter in Sub-continent 1. The Awans subscribe to the belief that they are the descendants of the fourth Caliph, Ali though the bulk of those belonging to the tribe are not Shiasand as such, a number adopt the title, Alvi — particularly those who migrated from East Punjab to Pakistan – although not all of those who refer to themselves as Alvi are Awans.

This page was last edited on 3 Mayat Few of these look like Muhammadan patronymics.

Though the origins waan the Awans may be a matter of some debate, it has long been recognised that the composition of the tribe is wholly Muslim. A smaller portion of the tribe resides in Azad Kashmir and to a lesser extent also present in the Pakistani provinces of Sindh and Balochistan.

Baab Ul Awan

Ethnic groupssocial groups and tribes of the Punjab. Its population is concentrated in the districts of RawalpindiAttockChakwalJhelumSargodhaKhushab particularly the Soon ValleyMianwali ] Awan tribes residing here are believed to have been the sole occupants of the Mianwali Salt Range for nearly six hundred yearsGujranwalaHafizabadGujratSialkotNarowaland Layyah and is also scattered throughout the rest of Punjab. Competing number one in the services law sector in Pakistan.

According to Denzil Ibbetson, the Awans may well have accompanied the forces of Baburand the Awans of Jalandharwho claimed to have shifted from the Salt Range at the behest of one of the early Emperors of Delhiwere particularly notable for being in the imperial service at Delhi.

Last modified: February 18, 2020