This Thesis is written to discuss the truth of Samuel P. Huntington’s thesis about the clash civilization between Islam and West. This Theorized clash civilization. Jauh sebelum Samuel Huntington menuliskan buku TheClash of Civilization. MenurutQuthb, benturanbenturan itu terjadikarena peradaban Barat yang. Download Citation on ResearchGate | BENTURAN PERADABAN DAN CARUT- MARUT POSTMODERNISME Huntington, Samuel P
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Young Islam on Trek: Huntington believes this to be a real consequence of several factors, including the previously mentioned Muslim youth bulge bwnturan population growth and Islamic proximity to many civilizations including Sinic, Orthodox, Western, and African.
Cultures in world affairs. Core state conflicts can arise out perzdaban fault line conflicts when core states become involved. According to Huntington, a torn country must meet three requirements to redefine its civilizational identity. Specifically, he identifies common Chinese and Islamic interests in the areas of weapons proliferation, human rights, and democracy that bdnturan with those of the West, and feels that these are areas in which the two civilizations will cooperate.
Fault line conflicts are on a local level and occur between adjacent states belonging to different civilizations or within states that are home to populations from different civilizations. In addition, the clash of civilizations, for Huntington, represents a development of history.
In Huntington’s view, intercivilizational conflict manifests itself in two forms: Perhaps the ultimate example of non-Western modernization is Russia, the core state of the Orthodox civilization. Specifically, Francis Fukuyama argued that the world had reached the ‘ end of history ‘ in a Hegelian sense. The great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be cultural.
This research use of historical method involving four steps: Preconditions for a Fundamental Dialogue. Archived from the original on Huntington suggests that in the future the central axis of world politics tends to be the conflict between Western and non-Western civilizations, in [Stuart Hall]’s phrase, the conflict between “the West and the Rest”. This research was to elaborate the big battles between Greece and Persian in the past called by historian as Persian War.
Turkeywhose political leadership has systematically tried to Westernize the country since the s, is his chief example. Huntington also believes that some of the factors contributing to this conflict are that both Christianity upon which Western civilization is based and Islam are:. Such statements should be clarified or removed.
Critics of Huntington’s ideas often extend their criticisms to traditional cultures and internal reformers who wish to modernize without adopting the values and attitudes of Western culture. Views Read Edit View history. Some of these countries have clashed with the West and some have not. Wars such as those following the break up of Yugoslaviain Chechnyaand between India and Pakistan were cited as evidence of inter-civilizational conflict. Concerning this region, Huntington departs from Kitsikis contending that a civilizational fault line exists between the two dominant yet differing religions Eastern Orthodoxy and Sunni Islamhence a dynamic of external conflict.
Clash of Civilizations
User Username Password Remember me. Huntington sees Islamic civilization as a potential ally to China, both having more revisionist goals and sharing common conflicts with hunntington civilizations, especially the West.
Huntington began his thinking by surveying the diverse theories about the nature of global politics in the post-Cold War period. According to Berman, conflict arises because of philosophical beliefs various groups share or do not shareregardless of cultural or religious identity.
peradabam International Politics, 39 2pp. To read in this a historical commitment of the West—over the millennia—to democracy, and then to contrast it with non-Western traditions treating each as monolithic would be a great mistake. He argues there is no “Islamic civilization” nor a “Western civilization”, and that the evidence for a civilization clash is not convincing, especially when considering relationships such as hintington between the United States and Saudi Arabia.
Japan, China and the Four Asian Tigers have modernized in many respects while maintaining traditional or authoritarian societies which distinguish them from the West.
CS1 French-language sources fr Webarchive template wayback links All articles with peradabzn statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Articles with weasel words from Hhntington All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November In the past, world history was mainly about the struggles between monarchs, nations and ideologies, such as seen within Western civilization.
They have a set of mutual cultural, social, economic and political views and norms which radically differ from those in the West and the Far East. Samuel P Huntington made a hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. Huntington argues that the trends of global conflict after the end of the Cold War bsnturan increasingly appearing at these civilizational divisions.
Clash of Civilizations – Wikipedia
In recent years, the theory of Dialogue Among Civilizationsa response to Huntington’s Clash of Civilizations, has become the center of some international attention. The Globalization of World Politics. Western civilization is no exception. Huntington identifies a major shift of economic, military, and political power from the West to the other civilizations of the huntinhton, most significantly to what he identifies as the two “challenger civilizations”, Sinic and Islam.
The researcher use Herodotus book Histories to describe the Persian War and comparing with another source such as: Russia, for example, clashes with the many Muslim ethnic groups on its southern border such as Chechnya but—according to Huntington—cooperates with Iran to avoid further Muslim-Orthodox violence in Southern Russia, and to help continue the benturaan of oil. Public lecture delivered at the University of Innsbruck, Austria, 19 Octoberpublished in: He huntingyon three forms of general actions that non-Western civilization can take in response to Western countries.
The Clash of Civilizations is a samudl that people’s cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post- Cold War world.
Third, the elites of the civilization that the torn country is trying to join must accept the country.
The practice of democracy that has won out in the modern West is huntungton a result of a consensus that has emerged since the Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolutionand particularly in the last century or so. The Persian War was took place in BC represent of this hypothesis.
More recent factors contributing to a Western—Islamic clash, Huntington wrote, are the Islamic Resurgence and demographic explosion in Islam, coupled with the values of Western universalism—that is, the view that all civilizations should adopt Western values—that infuriate Islamic fundamentalists.
These critics [ who?