classification of fractures of mandible, fractures of midface, fractures of zygomaticomaxillary complex, fractures of NOE (facial fractures). Zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures, also known as a tripod, tetrapod, quadripod, malar or thoracolumbar spinal fracture classification systems. ZMC complex fracture. Tripod fx Right zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture with disruption of the lateral orbital wall, orbital floor, zygomatic arch and maxillary sinus. The zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture, also known as a quadripod fracture, quadramalar Classification. D ยท ICD .

Author: Kazikus Faekus
Country: Angola
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: History
Published (Last): 19 June 2006
Pages: 288
PDF File Size: 13.88 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.41 Mb
ISBN: 576-6-94618-160-2
Downloads: 38615
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Brazshura

Unilateral or bilateral fractures of the nasal skeleton can be recorded by specifying the involved UCM subdivisions. Failure to correct can result in rotational deformity and increase the volume of the orbit, causing the eye to sink inwards.

Br J Plast Surg. Q Level 3 Code: The area of the ZMC Fig.

Zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture

As they represent the retrotuberic continuation of the maxilla and relevant pillars in the system of vertical buttresses, they are linked to the ICM and LCM. Gillie’s approach is used for depressed zygomatic fractures. Nasoethmoidal and orbital fractures.

UCM, upper central midface: Fragmentation can be recorded within the UCM in the presence of multiple fracture lines.

A classification of injuries of the nasal skeleton. A three-dimensional analysis method for edentulous mandibular ridge shape.


The Comprehensive AOCMF Classification System: Midface Fractures – Level 3 Tutorial

Spiessl B, Schroll K. Involvement confined to anterior and midorbit sections: In loose accordance with the height of the vomer and the perpendicular plate, the entire septal structure is arbitrarily subdivided along its vertical extent into two halves, the upper and lower septum. By definition, the en bloc zygoma fracture does not exhibit noteworthy intermediate fragments. There are no transitional zones in between the partitions, as they were defined in the level 3 mandible classification module.

Midface component of panfacial fracture: These features serve as a baseline to document tooth injuries, periodontal trauma, frzctures alveolar process fractures. The cause is usually a direct blow to the malar eminence of the cheek during assault. The instructions and illustrations are elucidated by a series of radiographic imaging examples.

Journal List Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr v. This method is fraught with imprecision, in particular, if complex fracture patterns are evaluated. No retrodisplacement of both maxillae, no displacement of the Le Fort I and III fragments left, multifragmentation facial antral wall right, minor displacement of frontonasal fragment right.

Computer-based coding of fractures in the craniofacial region.

Dingman R O, Natvig P. Accessed August 24, This level 3 Midface Module deals with the dentition status and alveolar process atrophy in the maxilla as two clinically relevant items for refined description of the preinjury condition.

S Level 3 Code: Accordingly, the LCM includes the solid body of the maxilla, the maxillary tuberosity, and the upper alveolar processes of the clxssification, which enclose the sockets and the roots of the upper teeth. A critical appraisal of the design of this level 3 midface classification is made.


Zygomatic complex fractures, zygomatic arch fractures; pp. The level 3 Midface Module considers displacement in a simple dichotomous manner nondisplaced vs.

They are the second most common facial bone fracture after nasal bone fractures. The broad category of tooth injuries captured in the proposed system 17 can be broken down into a manifold of subcategories e. Such degree of classificztion is most likely unnecessary for clinical practice.

Oral and maxillofacial surgery Bone fractures. Duverney fracture Pipkin fracture.

The Comprehensive AOCMF Classification System: Midface Fractures – Level 3 Tutorial

The vertical heights of maxillary and mandibular bones in panoramic radiographs of dentate and edentulous subjects. Fractures of the factures compound: Thank you for updating your details. Maisonneuve fracture Le Fort fracture of ankle Bosworth fracture. However, at this time i. Head and Neck Imaging – 2 Volume Set. Li K K, Stephens W.

Last modified: January 3, 2020