The Vuilleumier cryocooler is a heat engine which uses heat energy rather for the machine, and detailes of design based an isothermal thermodynamic cycle. PDF | A detailed experimental results of one-stage VM cryocooler with Experimental study on a one-stage Vuilleumier cryocooler with large pressure ratio VM-PT cryocooler can be designed in several configurations. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Study of a Vuilleumier cycle cryogenic This effort led to the selection of an optimum refrigerator design for the LSIR the feasibility of using a Vuilleumier cryocooler to cool a flight-type detector [35].

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A schematic diagram of a JT liquefier, is given in Fig. The work, performed during the expansion, is used to reduce the total input power. This page was last edited on 13 Decemberat An important component of refrigerators, operating with oscillatory flows, is the regenerator. In this way the swept volume of the compressor can be 50 60 times smaller than of the cooler.

Small Vuilleumier Cryocooler : Cryocooler Performance Analysis Based on Simple Model

Usually the motions of both pistons are driven by a common rotary axes which makes the motions harmonic. Gifford-McMahon GM coolers [4] have found widespread application in many low-temperature systems e. Usually helium is the working fluid. Usually the regenerator and the displacer are combined in one body. Heat exchangers are important components of all cryocoolers.


Left and right the thermal contact with the surroundings at the temperatures T a and T L is supposed to be perfect vyilleumier that the compression and expansion are isothermal. After compression the gas temperature is ambient temperature K and the pressure is bar point b.

They provide stiffness in the radial direction and flexibility in the axial direction.

During the opening and closing of the valves irreversible processes take place, so GM-coolers have intrinsic losses. The pistons and the compressor casing don’t touch so no lubricants are needed and there is no wear.

Transactions of the Society of Mechanical Engineers.

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The cycle starts when the two pistons are vuil,eumier their most left positions:. The volume V is the volume between the two pistons. This paper describes the specifications required for the machine, and detailes of design based an isothermal thermodynamic cycle. Views Read Edit View history.

The Vuilleumier cryocooler has the potential advantages of long lifetime and low mechanical vibration. The cooler operates at a frequency near the resonance frequency of the mass-spring system of the cold finger. February 17, Released: No work is required to move the displacer since, ideally there is no pressure drop over it.

The pistons can be suspended by so-called flexure bearings. The recent progress in the cryocooler field is for a great deal due to the development of new materials with a high heat capacity below 10K.


From left to right it consists of: Helium at pressures in the 10 to 30 bar range is the working fluid. It consists of a compressor, a counterflow heat exchanger, a JT valve, desigb a reservoir. At the inlet of the compressor the gas is at room temperature K and a pressure of 1 bar point a.

The thermodynamic and hydrodynamic properties of regenerators are very complicated, so one usually makes simplifying models. This leads to losses.

Previous article Next article. Its position is synchronized with the motion of the displacer. It is not so practical to have a cold piston, as described above, so, in many cases, a displacer is used instead of the cold piston. Basically it is a very simple type of cooler which is widely applied as cryocooler or as the final stage of liquefactors.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Note that even a perfect heat exchanger will not affect the entrance temperature T i of the gas. Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. These are conflicting requirements.

Last modified: February 17, 2020