Read the latest magazines about Yetzirah and discover magazines on Yumpu. com. El SEPHER YETZIRAH en Español y · felizond. El SEPHER. Podemos entender como los poetas de la literatura Hebrea cuando se en su Libro el Sefer Yetzirah, denominada El Nombre de Dios en Hebreo, esta. Manuscritos Hebreos y Arameos de la Biblia (Rome, ), pp. This device was apparently also used by Saadia Gaon in his commentary on Sefer Yetzirah, p.

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Sefer yetzirah, original text, short version. The shorter version Mantua I. The linguistic theories of the author of the Sefer Yetzirah are an integral component of its philosophy, its other parts being astrological and Gnostic cosmogony.

Both the macrocosm the universe and the microcosm man are viewed in this system as products of the combination and permutation of these mystic characters, [12] and such a use of the letters by the Jews for the formation of the Holy Name for thaumaturgical purposes is attested by magic papyri that quote an “Angelic Book of Moses,” which was full of allusions to biblical names. The yegzirah and origin of the book can not be definitely determined so long as there is no critical text of it.

Retrieved 23 April Thus, the name Sefer Yetzirah could refer to the act of creating or forming the cosmos, or to the cosmos itself, or both. The Clementine writings present another form of gnosis which agrees in many points with the Sefer Yetzirah.

Karppe, Etude sur les Origines. As the Sefer Yetzirah divides the Hebrew alphabet into three groups, so the Gnostic Marcus divided the Greek letters into three classes, regarded by him as the symbolic emanations of the three powers which include the whole number of the upper elements. Mysticism in religious Zionism. The twelve “simple” letters created the twelve signs of the zodiac, whose relation to the earth is always simple or stable; and to them belong the twelve months in time, and the twelve “leaders” in man.

Hence these organs are subject to the influence of the planets, the right eye being under Saturn, the left eye under Jupiter, and the like. A work of art, for example, is called in Hebrew ‘yetzira’, as well as the action of creating it. Hebrew Wikisource has original text related to this article: The ascription of its authorship to the biblical patriarch Abraham shows the high esteem which it enjoyed for centuries.

While the Sefirot are expressly designated as “abstracts”, it is said of the letters: To harmonize the biblical statement of the creation ” ex nihilo ” with the doctrine of the primordial elements, the Sefer Yetzirah assumes a double creation, one ideal and the other real. Besides these abstract ten Sefirotwhich are conceived only ideally, the twenty-two letters of the alphabet produced the material world, for they are real, and are the formative powers of all existence and development.


The longer recension, on the other hand, was little known, the form given in the editio princeps of the Sefer Yetzirah being probably a copy of the text found in Donnolo’s commentary. According to modern historians, the origin of the text is unknown, and hotly debated. Some scholars believe it might have an early medieval origin, while others emphasize earlier traditions appearing in the book. The letters are neither independent substances nor yet as mere forms.

Isaac the Blind Azriel. Non-Orthodox interest in Jewish mysticism.

Sefer Yetzirah – Wikipedia

The “dragon” rules over the world matter and the heavenly bodies ; the sphere rules time; and the heart rules over the human body. Archived from the original PDF on Thus in the three prototypes of creation the contrasting elements fire and water are equalized by air; corresponding to this are the three “mothers” among the letters, the mute Mem contrasting with the hissing Shin, and both being yehzirah by Aleph.

The cosmos consists of three parts, the world, the year or timeand sepger, which are combined in such a way that the three primordial elements are contained in each of sephre three categories. The latter are those organs which perform functions in the body independent of the outside world, being the hands, feet, kidneys, gall, intestines, stomach, liver, pancreas, and spleen; and they are, accordingly, subject to the twelve signs of the Zodiac.

The remaining six Sefirotor the limitations of space by the three dimensions in a twofold direction, are also found in the Hebgeo, where God is described as the boundary of the universe and as the source of the six infinite dimensions.

Mysticism after Spanish expulsion. Yetzirzh may even be said that this work had a greater influence on the development espaoo the Jewish mind than almost any other book after the completion of the Talmud. These divisions correspond to Jewish concepts such as the 3 letters making up God’s name yudheand vavthe 7 days of the Jewish week, the 12 tribes of Israeland the 12 months of the Hebrew calendarespaool well as to early “scientific” or philosophical ideas such as the 4 elements fire, water, air, earththe 7 planets10 directions, the 12 zodiacal constellations, various human physical functions, and a list of the parts of the human body.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

File:Resumen Sefer – Wikimedia Commons

The “seven days,” in like manner, were created by the yetzirh double letters because they change in time according to their relation to the planets. Benton, the Hebrew grammatical form places its origin closer to the period of the Mishna[8] around the 2nd century CE. The shorter version was also used by most of the later commentators, such as Judah b. The last sentence describes how God “connects” the 22 letters of the Torah to Abraham’s tongue, and reveals its secret to Abraham.

Part of a series on Kabbalah Concepts. The division of the letters into the three classes of vowels, mutes, and sonants also appears in Hellenic texts. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

File:Resumen Sefer Yetzirah.jpg

This page was last edited on 22 Decemberat By thirty-two mysterious paths of wisdom Jah has engraved [all things], [who is] the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, the living God, the Almighty God, Espher that is uplifted and exalted, He that Dwells forever, and whose Name is holy; having created His world by three [derivatives] of [the Hebrew root-word] s e f a r: They seem to be the connecting-link between essence and form.

Again, as the seven double letters vary, being pronounced either hard or soft, so the seven planets are in continuous movement, approaching or receding from the earth. The Sefer Yetzirah is exceedingly difficult to understand on account of its obscure style.

Sefer Yetzirah’ s appendix vi. God’s covenant with Abraham is described as being two-fold:. Yetziirah most Muslims believe this book to have long perished it is speculated that this may be a reference to Sefer Yetzirah as Yetzifah tradition generally ascribes authorship of that spher to Abraham. The essential elements of the book are characteristic of the 3rd or 4th century; for a work of this nature, composed in the Geonic period could have been cast only in the form of Jewish gnosis, which remained stationary after the 4th century, if indeed it had not already become extinct.

The seven jetzirah letters produced the seven planets, the “seven days,” and the seven apertures in man two eyes, two ears, two nostrils, and one mouth.

Last modified: January 31, 2020