Siddiqui 1 Ibn Fadlan and the Land of Darkness: Arab Travellers in the Far North —A Short Essay Ahmed Ibn Fadlan was an Arab traveller from Baghdad, Iraq;. Ibn Fadlan was a 10th-century Arab Muslim traveler, famous for his account of his travels as a . Paul and Caroline Stone (trans.), Ibn Fadlan and the Land of Darkness: Arab Travellers in the Far North (London: Penguin Classics, ). The Political Divisions of Eurasia, PENGUIN CLASSICS IBN FADLAN AND THE LAND OF DARKNESS ibn fadlAn’s account of his journey from Baghdad to.

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Ibn Fadlan and the Land of Darkness

When the two years are over, they lower the banner and cut their hair, and the close relatives of the dead man offer a feast to mark the end of mourning. Offerings to the idols As soon as their boats arrive at this port, each of them disembarks, taking with him bread and meat, onions, milk and nabidh, and he walks until he comes to a great wooden post stuck in the ground with a face like that of a man, and around it are little figures.

She goes on passing the basin round from one to another until she has taken it to all the men in the house in turn. We stayed one day at Nahrawan and set out again, marching at speed, and reached Daskara.

As for you – you must remain here until the answer arrives. On the far side of a mountain chain, they came to the Ust-Yurt, the grazing lands of the Ghuzz Oguz Turks. Although sometimes difficult to interpret, these authors vividly bring to life the world of the far north.


The noble amir – that is, the amir of Khurasan – would have more right to have the prayers read in the name of the Commander of the Faithful in that country, if he thought it advisable. The burial of a great man They say that when their great men die, they do all kinds of things to them, of which burning is the least.

Ibn Fadlan and the Land of Darkness: Arab Travellers in the Far North – Ibn Fadlan – Google Books

Between the ninth and fourteenth centuries, Arab travellers such as Ibn Fadlan journeyed widely and frequently into the far north, crossing territories that now include Russia, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.

Taboo on washing None of the merchants, or indeed any Muslim, can perform his ablutions in their presence after a major pollution; it must be done at night where they cannot see him, otherwise they become angry and say: Then they came forward, coming and going, pronouncing [words that I did not understand, while the man was still in his grave, not yet taken out].

Next, he was read the letter [commanding him] to transfer [the revenues of] Arthakhushmithan from al-Fadl ibn Musa, the Christian, agent of Ibn al-Furat, to Ahmad ibn Musa al-Khwarazml. Then she stripped off her two anklets and gave them [to the two young girls who served her. The treatment was successful and the Bulghars became Muslim.

With them, there are beautiful slave girls, for sale to the merchants. I was told, in fact, that two men set out with twelve camels to load wood in the forest, but they forgot to take flint and tinder with them.

Ahmad ibn Fadlan – Wikipedia

There are wild four-footed animals as well They gather madder there and export it to other countries. Oxford English Darknes Online. In Bulghar he encountered Viking traders who were pioneering trade routes along the Russian rivers.


In the centre is a throne covered with brocade from Byzantium.

Every tje his slaves slaughtered a sheep for me. At the time he wrote, there was no established genre ov travel writing in Arabic, so Ibn Fadlan had no model. Then he said to the interpreter: MuqaddasI on the land of the Khazars Familiar place names are given in their modern form.

In this country, when a man wishes to make a nice gesture to a friend and show his generosity, he says: Ibn Fadlan came from a society where burying the dead was the custom while the Vikings preferred to darknses their dead because they did not want the body to be eaten by the insects.

As we were talking, she bared her private parts and scratched while we stared at her.

The missing beginning was almost certainly an account of Darband and the Caucasus, for it was from there that Abu Hamid set off for Saqsin, where he was to reside for twenty years. The Jayhun River froze for its entire length and the ice was seventeen spans thick.

Then they bore him into the pavilion on the tje and sat him on the mattress, supported by cushions. It was the custom that most upset Ibn Fadlan, and was ubiquitous among the peoples of the steppes. If the merchant dies on the journey he has undertaken, the Turk goes to the people in the caravan when it returns and says to them: Out of the East:

Last modified: January 6, 2020