Lev Isaakovich Shestov (Russian: Лев Исаакович Шестов), born Yehuda Leyb Schwarzmann (Russian: Иегуда Лейб Шварцман), variously known as Leon. Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and Nietzsche (The Good in the Teaching of Tolstoy and Nietzsche: Philosophy and Teaching & Dostoevsky and Nietzsche: The. An introduction to the Russian-Jewish existentialist philosopher Lev Shestov, Leon Chestov.
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But no matter how enigmatic may be the mysteries which surround being, what is most enigmatic and disturbing is that mystery in general exists and that we are somehow definitely and forever cut off from the sources and beginnings of life.
Furthermore the belief, inculcated by scientism and rationalism, in an eternally necessary and unchangeable order of things is, in a sense, a “self-fulfilling” conviction. Available for download now. Among his contemporaries he entertained long-standing philosophical friendships with Martin BuberEdmund Husserl and Nikolai Berdyaev. In addition to continuing his research and writing, which had for some years oev been concentrated on the Bible and on an intensive study he called it a “pilgrimage through souls” of the work of such great religious thinkers as Plotinus, St.
Lev Shestov – online library
Lwv man will attend to the ancient message of the Bible, Shestov maintains, he will find there a conception of God, of the universe and of himself that not only lends meaning to such resistance but also makes of it the first and most essential step in becoming reconciled with God and regaining his freedom.
Shestov’s first reading of Nietzsche had been a shattering intellectual and emotional experience. The notes he kept of his meetings with the philosopher and his correspondence with him provide valuable insights into Shestov’s intellectual interests and motivations.
He published several articles, including an essay on the work of Soloviev and one entitled “Georg Brandes and Hamlet,”  which was to serve as the basis for his first shestkv. He had finished the manuscript of his major work, Athens and Jerusalemin the spring of at Boulogne-sur-Seine and had personally supervised the preparation of French and German translations of the Lsv text. Augustinian theodicy Best of all possible worlds Euthyphro dilemma Inconsistent triad Irenaean theodicy Natural evil Theodicy.
Inhe was introduced to Edmund Husserlwith whom he maintained a cordial relationship despite radical differences in philosophical outlook. Why forever speak of “total unity”? Indeed, it is the very experience described so eloquently by nineteenth century British poet, James Thomson, in his pessimistic expression of urban life in the Industrial RevolutionThe City of Dreadful Night:.
With a mastery not only of the entire Western philosophic tradition but also of modern European literature, he used his vast erudition, as well as the ardent passion of his entire being and his extraordinary literary talents D. This struggle is most fully reflected in his last and greatest book, the monumental Athens and Jerusalemon which he worked for many years and completed just a year before his death.
There is an old backup site at http: And his quasi-nihilistic position and religious outlook are an unsettling and incongruous combination, at first sight. It is not nihilism.
Shedtov the Berdyaev English site at www. He thus engaged on shdstov he termed a “pilgrimage through the souls” of such greats as Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, Blaise Pascal, Descartes, Plotinus, Spinoza, Plato, Luther and others. Shestov’s daughters made the selection and issued the book in in Paris.
Shestov rejects any mention of “omnitudes”, “collective”, “all-unity. This volume, entitled Dostoevsky and Nietzsche: The author was a popular figure in France, where his originality was quickly recognized.
Philosophy and Preaching ; two authors that had a profound impact on Shestov’s thinking. In his book Beginnings and Endingscontaining two perceptive essays on Chekhov and Dostoevsky as well as a number of striking aphorisms, was published in St. The father himself, while generally regarded as something of a free thinker by the more orthodox Jews of Kiev, was a lover of Hebrew literature and had a strong loyalty to Judaism and Jewish tradition.
People gathered there to exchange ideas and to listen to music. After a run-in with the notorious Inspector of Students, Bryzgalov, Shestov was obliged to return to Kiev, where he finished his studies in with the title of Candidate of Laws.
This is partly because his works have not been readily available. There is no universal law.
Lawrence no doubt to add “weight” to a then unknown author. Though they differed radically in their philosophical orientation and sharply attacked each other’s point of view, they had a shestkv respect for each other. Shesrov Eleazarovna, who had passed her state medical examinations in Moscow inworked in a hospital and their daughters attended secondary school. What they tend, rather, to do is to lead those who concentrate on them away from the ultimate reality given in revelation.
As in his own case he knows that he has in him something truer than names and divisions and authorities, which will live in zhestov of them, so towards others he remembers that all that they wrote or thought or said is precious and permanent in so far as it is the manifestation of the undivided soul seeking an answer to its question. And what a sigh of relief men will breathe when they suddenly discover that the living Sshestov, the true God, in no way resembles Him whom reason has shown them until now!
But you can’t follow him there, that’s the very thing that makes you turn back – so how come you call yourself and existentialist?
His own thought, influenced by his reading of Dostoevsky, Nietzsche, Pascal, Luther and, above all, the Bible, had for a long time been moving in the very directions in which, as he now discovered, Kierkegaard had preceded him. Diaghilev welcomed Shestov as a contributor to the noted journal Mir Iskusstva The World of Art which he was then editing.
Intro Texts Links Biblio Talk. Philosophy and Syestovwhich appeared inwas characterized by a very different outlook. He developed his thinking in a second book on Fyodor Dostoyevsky and Frederich Nietzsche shsetov, which increased Shestov’s reputation as an original and incisive thinker. Only a reappropriation of the faith of Scripture – which proclaims that man and the universe are the creation of an omnipotent, personal God and that this God made man in His own image, endowing him with freedom and creative power – could, Shestov came to believe, liberate contemporary humanity from the horrors of existence.
Kierkegaard and Dostoevsky published Shestov also appears in the work of Gilles Deleuze ; he is referred to sporadically in Nietzsche and Philosophy shestiv also appears in Difference and Repetition. When philosophy becomes, as it must, a passionate and agonized struggle against the self-evident, necessary truths that constrain and crush the spirit, when it refuses, for instance, to refrain from drawing any distinction between the propositions, “the Athenians have poisoned Socrates” and “a mad dog has been poisoned” and to regard both with the same “philosophic” indifference – then it may make man receptive to the supernatural revelation of Scripture and to the possibility of redemption that is to be found there.
One thing only interests him, and that is the exception, whether in the domain of the heart or of the mind. This page was last edited on 30 Novemberat But whether Shestov believed that even this can be done without the grace of God is something that is not altogether clear. Petersburg in and enhanced the author’s growing reputation as a creative and original thinker.
Lawrence said of Shestov: On the “Regeneration of Convictions” in Dostoevsky published